The Earth has been affected by climate change in many ways but the most important result in this weather change is the amount of species whose populations are decreasing. Organisms and even humans are much needed for our world to run property and without one of those species, the entire system would be messed up. In Document C, it shows how the weather is making a bad organism spread and kill many plants. Our world needs plants to survive and with all these plants dying it will greatly impact the food web, causing many
Anthropology is the study of humans in the past and present. Four subfields encompass anthropology; Archaeology, cultural anthropology, linguistics, and physical anthropology. Archaeology is the study of human cultures in the past through material remains. These material remains include artifacts as well as architecture. Archaeologist can focus in prehistoric, historic, or classical archaeology. Indiana Jones: Raiders of the Lost Ark, is an example of archaeology in film. It is not the best example since Dr. Jones does not carry the correct equipment with him in the field (notebooks, trowel, shovel) nor does he take any notes when removing an artifact from a site. However, the film does portray how an archaeologist would dig in order to recover artifacts, like when Indy and the team find the
And with the earth warming up the ice caps melt this can lead to flooding which means less land. Less land means fewer animals and places to grow crops. This means less food for us and over all has a domino affect.
-Archaeologists reconstructed the environment and studied artifacts from a specific time period to learn about people from that time.
Since these ancient people did not work with writing, this made an obstacle for the archaeologists; who had to create artifacts to help with their studies. They did all they could do, except ignore what can’t be ignored: ancient Americans’ past events.
Archaeology is the most common way to learn about the existence of humans. Many cultures have left written records behind providing information about life for them. The records left behind often tells about wealth, religion, hierarchy, important dates, property ownership and etc. Those records are often written from one person prospective and may not be all true. Understanding the life of past cultures that have no written records is what make archeology important. Archeology gives a voice to the voiceless with the hope of discovering their story.
The history of archaeology plays an important role in the controversial issues surrounding the science. Archaeology has only recently become a concrete science. Although mankind has always had an interest in the past, the root of archaeology is believed to have started in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. During this time period, artifacts were mainly sought after for collecting. The upper class of the Renaissance period collected artifacts from places such as Rome and Greece to display in their homes as art. As time went on, the lure of historical art and artifacts increased. “Classical archaeology” is the direct result of this curiosity. The “classical archaeologists” were mainly wealthy men that collected artifacts for their homes and studied where they
Towards the mid 19th century, methods in excavating Pompeii and Herculaneum changed due to the concerns associated with the preservation and conservation of the site. As a result of this, archaeologists such as Giuseppe Fiorelli and Amedeo Maiuri developed new methods and approaches towards the excavation of Pompeii.
The deliberate and accidental activities of human beings are known as cultural formation processes. So through cultural formation processes we find out what people, past and present, and have done to it. Natural events that effect archeological sites such as volcanic ash covering an ancient city or wind-borne sand or soil burying artifacts are called natural formation processes. Through natural formation processes we find out natural condition such as soil and climates have preserved or destroyed. Inorganic materials such as stone, clay, and metal frequently survive far better than organic materials such as bone, wood, or textiles. The survival of organic materials be determined by on the matrix that surrounds them and the climate they were dropped in. the acidic soils of tropical climates are the most disparaging to organic materials, while on the other hand dry, desert environments and extremely cold or waterlogged environments are most likely to sanctuary
It can be easy to confuse the work of archaeologists and historians. While both spend time and effort to study the past, the evidence they use can be very different. One way that they are different is that archaeologists use physical evidence to understand the past much more than historians. Because they often study the time before humans could write, archaeologists use this physical evidence to fill in holes about the past. They see how this evidence changes over time and also how it may stay the same. Archaeologists consider this to be more objective than the evidence used by historians because physical evidence isn't changed by human lies. For example, archaeologists would use the physical things left by a group while historians would use a letter written by the head of the group. However, this letter may not be objective. So, these different kinds of evidence can lead archaeologists and historians to the same or different research conclusions.
At this level archaeologists are examining things such as roads and networks of communities. An example of this can be seen in Jason Ur’s piece which describes the networks of paths that were necessary to connect a city to its hinterlands which provided the food (Ur 2009). At this level archaeologists can examine the movement of goods along trade routes, the networks between city states and the broad strokes of widespread cultures. One method that archaeologists use at this scale is what Jason Ur calls the “holistic landscape approach”.
These consequences can potentially affect human populations, but the environment can also be affected on a local or regional level.
Climate change is one of the biggest problems the whole world is collectively facing. Even though climate change is partially caused by the natural cycles of Earth, humans I think are still a major part of it and I think that we can do more to protect the environment that we live in. Climate change happens when temperatures increase dramatically. When climate change causes temperature rises many environmental problems can occur here on earth . Temperatures rising can result in more floods, droughts, or flooding rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves which can cause wildfires. Oceans and the Antarctic Ice Glaciers have also experienced changes in oceans that are rising temperatures and are becoming more acidic. The Antarctic ice glaciers are melting and sea levels are rising destroying many habitats along the ice glaciers such as penguins and polar bears. As these changes frequently occur in future decades, they will likely present challenges to our society and environment.
A pattern that was common among the ancient civilizations of China, Rome, Greece, Mesopotamia, Egypt, and India was that most of them started as a dictatorship, a monarchy, or a dynasty. Eventually, most of them changed to a democracy, republic, or to class systems. Almost all of the civilizations had one or two great leaders. For example, Egypt had King Tut, Greece had Alexander the Great and Rome had Julius Caesar.