Essay on The Subaltern Turn: Rereading Grirish Karnad’s Tughlaq

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“As we grow older as a race, we grow aware that history is written, that it is a kind of literature without morality. That in its actuaries the ego of the race is indissoluble and that everything depends on whether we write this fiction through the memory of hero or of victim.”Derek Walcot (The Postcolonial Studies Reader 371)
After Edward Said’s Orientalism (1978); a new milestone in the history of literacy criticism that heralded the postcolonial school of criticism many revisionist approaches emanated to question the self proclaimed ‘truths’ and ‘facts’ and the story behind the histories with an aim to discover the other side of the coin. The Subaltern Studies Group founded in 1982 is another name of such emerging schools which seeks
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The only group Gramsci had in mind at that time was the workers and peasants who were oppressed and discriminated by the leader of National Fascist Party, Benito Mussolini and his agents. Gramsci’s deeply formulated ideas about the class of peasants as a social, cultural and political force aware of its distinct consciousness of subalternity made other subsequent 20th Century South Asian scholars working on the issues of Indian peasantry historiography resume his effort. This school led by Ranajit Guha came to be known as the Subaltern Studies Group or Subaltern Studies Collective which comprised a number of other South Asian historians, social critics and scholars like Shahid Amin, Dipesh Chakraborty, David Arnold, Partha Chatterjee, David Hardiman, Gyanendra Pandey and Sumit Sarkar . Gramsci’s ideas were further more developed by Ranajit Guha in his manifesto The Subaltern Studies I and his famous treatise The

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