The Success Of Juvenile Pre Trial Diversion Program

2409 Words Dec 4th, 2014 10 Pages
The success of juvenile pre-trial diversion programs is often dependent on cost analyses and recidivism rates. However, from a psychosocial perspective, success of a diversion program cannot be based solely on the completion of the program, the absence of a future arrest, or the short term cost beneficial. There is a need to include the evaluation of the diversion program participant’s psychological and emotional health following the completion of the program, as well as a positive perception of their future in order to truly measure the success of these programs.
Data from the National Center for Juvenile Justice’s Juvenile Court Statistics in 2009 concluded that there were a total of 1,504,100 delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts (Puzzanchera, Adams & Hockenberry, 2012). Juvenile offenders sometimes have the option to voluntarily participate in a pre-trial diversion program. The purpose of diversion programs is to minimalize “formal court intervention and justice costs, while providing supervision of offending youth” (Cuellar, McReynolds and Wasserman, 2006, p. 199). Generally successful completion of a diversion program provides the juvenile with a record of an arrest but void of the charge. Juvenile records may sometimes be petitioned to be sealed if the record is not automatically sealed at the age of 18, though this varies greatly by state and juvenile offense.
Literature Review
Much of the literature surrounding diversion programs focuses on recidivism…
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