The Successes and Failures of Mussolini's Domestic Policies in Italy Between 1922 and 1939

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The Successes and Failures of Mussolini's Domestic Policies in Italy Between 1922 and 1939 Similar to those of Hitler, Mussolini’s main goals were to create an Italian state with a strong identity and role within Europe with a powerful military force. From the day he became Prime Minister on October 29th, 1922 of a coalition government, he lacked a certain skill in organization. It was not quite clear what exactly Mussolini wanted to do, and it seemed as though he made decissions with no previous planning, as opposed to Hitler and the Nazis who knew exactly what they were striving for. Nevertheless, Mussolini knew that he wanted to have full control over the Italian state and successfully did as…show more content…
This allowed grain imports to steadily decrease. Mussolini claimed credit, and photographers were conveniently asked to document his successful campaign. At first appearance this campaign seems to have had a very positive effect on the Italian economy and to Mussolini’s domestic aims. However, there was a large side-effect to the whole scheme. Much of the land had now been turned over to produce grain – land that was very fit for this crop. The climate in Italy was more suited to grow other crops such as citrus fruits, olives, or wine grapes. Now that all this land had been used for the purpose of grain, there was a lot less land to grow the more efficient crops. This resulted in a reasonably strong decline in exports of traditional products. Although Mussolini was now happy that Italy was more or less closer to self-sufficiency, people now needed to pay more for bread as import taxes for grain rose. Although this ‘Battle for Grain’ campaign was somewhat successful, it also did quite some harm to the economy as a whole. Mussolini also expanded a project which was already started by local governments. This was to drain or irrigate farmland and to provide more land to the farmers. An area known as the ‘Pontine Marshes’ was completely drained and replaced with a large
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