The Sun Also Rises Annotated Bibliography

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Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises
A Transformation Of Values

Mara L. Tyler
American Literature II

In The Sun Also Rises, during the transition of society from World War I to post-war, values transformed from the “old-fashioned” system of what was morally acceptable to a system that held the basic belief that anything of value, whether tangible or intangible, could be exchanged for something of equal value. This novel specifically pinpoints the transformation of the values of money, alcohol, sex and passion (aficion), friendships and relationships, and even one’s pain.

An Introduction To The “Lost Generation”

In the pages prior to Book I of The Sun Also Rises, Hemingway quoted Gertrude Stein: “You are all a lost generation”,
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The value of monetary exchange extends to his relationships, particularly with Brett: “I had been getting something for nothing. That only delayed the presentation of the bill. The bill always came. That was one of the swell things you could count on” (Hemingway, 152). In this instance, Jake is referencing that his friendship with Brett, has given him the benefits of having as much of a romantic relationship as he can, which makes him feel he has cheated Brett of deserving payment. This explains why Jake supports Brett’s sexual promiscuity, as other men are capable of giving her what he cannot, sexually.

Brett Brett is the picture perfect image of the post-war generation transformation of values in relation to gender. In the roaring twenties, Brett embraces her freedom; she is the typical roaring twenties lady, with a boyish haircut, and both the drinking and sexual promiscuity of a man. Her infatuation with money and her interaction with money and other values is interesting, as she interacts indirectly through means of drinks, meals, clothing articles, trips, and sexual affairs. What makes Brett most interesting is that she herself is a value amongst men, giving her body, companionship, and friendship to Jake, Mike, and her many suitors. As the theme of the importance of money continues, some may wonder how Brett is included in such a money-thirsty group when she herself doesn’t spend much of a dime; this is because her primary man,

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