The 'Superfluous Man' By Ivan Turgenev

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The superfluous man was popularized by The Diary of a Superfluous Man (1850) by Ivan Turgenev, and often appeared in 19th century Russian novels and plays. The superfluous man is born wealthy and privileged, and so becomes a talented, intellectual elite. Like a Byronic hero, the superfluous man does not follow social norms and stands apart from society. With his intelligence, he has recognized and come to despise the intelligentsia of the society that he emerged from. Thus, he is seen as sheer, cynical, and unempathetic, displaying a general cynicism and disappointment towards the system around him. However, he remains a bystander in the society, even though he understands it better than others. Unengaged in the society, he lacks a sense of
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