The Supreme Court Is The Highest Of All Courts

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The Supreme Court is the highest of all courts and is provided with the authority to decide whether or not state, federal, and local governments are acting within the law. The judicial branches authority is stated in United States Constitution Article III, which outlines the Supreme Courts appellate and original jurisdiction and congressional limitations for those accused of treason (Ushistory.org, 2015, p. 9a) However, judicial review to interpret the Constitution and strike down the actions of the legislative and executive branches is not noted in the Constitution. Instead, judicial review came about in the case of Marbury v. Madison in 1803 when Chief Justice John Marshall pointed out that it was necessary for the Supreme Court to have the power to determine what the law is and overturn unconstitutional legislation and executive actions instead of through political bargaining (Hass, 2016). Since Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court has expanded its power of review as the final word to interpret controversial issues to make sure they coincide with the constitution as the supreme law of the land. Nevertheless, the case of Marbury v. Madison ensued after President Adams left office, but before doing so, he appointed several judges in a power struggle between the Federalists and Non-federalists (Ushistory.org, 2015). Adams was able to do this because Article II of the Constitution provides the President the opportunity to appoint judges to preside for life as approved by

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