The Supreme Court On The American Public School System Essay

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In 1947, the Supreme Court ruled 5 to 4 in favor of the defendant in a case named Everson v Board of Education. In this case, the Majority opinion laid out an interpretation of the Establishment Clause in the First Amendment of the Constitution for the first time in regards to how it should be applied. As such, it would set the precedence for the way that the Supreme Court would look at the First Amendment even until today. Although in this particular instance, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of religion and schools, this new definition of the First Amendment would go on to be used against religion in the American public school system for years to come until it would be almost entirely eradicated from public schools today. While many scholars have written on this case and have taken a stand on whether or not the interpretation is poor or good, they all agree on the impact that it had on Supreme Court decision’s moving forward. The Establishment Clause is taken from the beginning of the Amendment which states that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.” (emphasis added) In Everson v Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled that the State, in this case New Jersey, could reimburse the parents of students taking the bus to parochial private schools like it did to public school students’ parents because it gave the money to every student and parent equally regardless of religion. They majority also said that the State did not violate the strict
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