The Surgical Site Infections ( Ssi ) Essay

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Background The surgical site infections (SSI) is one of the most common type of hospital acquired infection affecting about 500, 00 to 1,000,000 patients and accounting for 20 % to 40 % of all the hospital acquired infections (Sutherland, et al ., 2014). The criteria developed by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines SSI as an infection related to surgical procedure that arises at or near the skin incision site within 30 days of the procedure (Anderson & Sexton, 2015). Sutherland et al. (2014) study analysis found that the patients who develops a surgical site infection stay longer in the hospital and the cost of care doubles. The study analysis also found that an additional of 91, 631 patients were readmitted to the hospital after thirty days post-operatively. In conclusion the annual SSI burden in the United States is approximately one million inpatient days and $ 1.6 billion (Sutherland, et al ., 2014). Surgical Care Improvement Project has promoted many core measures to prevent SSI, one of the core measure is the selection of appropriate antibiotic and timing of antibiotic prophylaxis (Anderson D. , 2014). Ideally the antibiotic in the patient’s tissue should be at the highest level at the time of skin incision (Anderson D. , 2014). Recommended antibiotic should be completely infused 30 to 60 minutes before skin incision, this helps in optimizing adequate tissue levels at the time of initial skin incision (Anderson & Sexton, 2015). Anderson &
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