The Survival Of Indigenous Visual Cultures

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There are different approaches used when discussing the survival of indigenous visual cultures. Each essay provided for analysis interprets the conquest of the Americas differently and connects it to Colonial Mexico artistic production at various degrees. Each essay also advocates for its own term that can be used to represent the process of Spanish and Indigenous art forms coming together in a complex cultural context. Kubler advocates for the term, folk art to describe colonial art because it is art production that is devoid of its past meaning. His views on conquest explicitly claim that the Spanish conquest was successful due to Spanish superiority over Indigenous cultures. However problematic his claims are, he is able to dissect the forms used by the Spanish conquest to gain control over artistic production. Mestizo, is the term used by Neumeyer to describe the mixing of two art forms that can only be apparent when Indigenous people reached a high aesthetic culture during the conquest. He also promotes the idea that Colonial art was continuously developing. However, his views of Indigenous art is that it is unable to compete with European modes of art. Finally, Dean and Leibsohn use to the term hybrid as a production and enactment that challenges norms. “Hybridity and Its Discontents” is the most liberal of the three readings. It uses the term hybrid as a way to critique the cultural context in which it was able to be produced; Spanish conquest. It also, critiques
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