The incidence of cancer is higher in Black Americans, both men and women, than non-Hispanic Whites. Men are more likely to have lung, pancreatic and stomach cancer. They are more likely to die from prostate cancer. Black African American women are 36% more likely to die from breast cancer.
Today’s Designers, Architects and Constructors have a duty of care to strive to produce energy efficient and energy saving buildings. Where possible the sustainability of resources / materials and techniques must be a primary concern in the decision making process.
In NSW, the construction should be finished The Building Sustainability Index (BASIX), which is a part of the Development Application plans, if the cost of that building is over than $50,000, for this reason’14058 MHDP Lambert Narrabeen’ project completed that certificate. The purpose of The Building Sustainability Index (BASIX) is to control the reduction of water using and greenhouse gas discharging equitably and effectively in NSW. The Basix Certificate is consisting of three sections by focusing on water, thermal comfort and energy. The total result of The Basix Certificate is pass. This report will explain the detail of the Narrabeen project Basix Certificate into three sections, water, thermal comfort and energy.
This report provides an analysis, critique and comparison of the sustainability of two large contemporary commercial buildings: the European Investment Bank headquarters and the new Wembley Stadium. Fundamental methods of analysis include their design, construction, and lifetime costs, where each heading is explored in greater depth.
Due to the environmental impacts of the built environment, there is a developing understanding of the need to improve the sustainability, energy efficiency and the total performance of new and existing buildings. Thus, the construction industry is required to develop its processes to meet the progressively challenging performance targets to encourage and secure sustainable investments, mitigate the impacts on the environment and satisfy buildings occupiers (BSRIA 2014a).
‘Do buildings and cities, in the way they are currently built, contribute to green economy and growth?’ (Aboulnaga, 2014) The book illustrates how sustainability enhances architecture in the long term, but also seeks for solutions such as renewable energy, and promoting energy-efficient buildings. There are features to classifying a sustainable building, such as site and surroundings, energy efficiency, renewable energy use, water consumption, materials etc.
Since the discovery of oil in the 1960s, the UAE and notably Dubai has experienced dramatic development, which skyrocketed in the 1990s and still continues to this day. This economic and population boom has naturally had negative consequences on resource security and environmental sustainability and the problem is currently too evident to ignore. (Luomi 2014) The region also witnesses a highly consumer-orientated culture where much of the lifestyle comes at the expense of the environment. Dubai is said to have one of the highest per capita levels of resource consumption and ecological footprints in the world (Visser & Tolhurst 2010).
Green architecture or Sustainable building is the practice of building homes which are environment friendly and resource efficient throughout its life time. It is a way of reacting to the global economic crisis, environmental issues, growing human population, destruction of natural resources and the loss of biodiversity.
Evaluation of environmental impact analysis of specific steps includes determining the objectives and scope, inventory analysis, impact assessment and interpretation analysis and improvement. For building materials, its objectives and scope of major concern supplies corresponding resource consumption and pollution problems and energy, inventory analysis determined mainly refers to collect supplies throughout the life cycle of inputs and outputs, including energy resources, exhaust emissions from wastewater systems, solid waste and other environmental releases. Environmental impact assessment methods using total energy consumption, environmental evaluation of greenhouse gas emissions, solid waste burden. Finally, according to inventory
Green building practices plan to diminish the ecological effect of building. The principal guideline is that the greenest building is the building that doesn 't get fabricated. Since development quite often debases a building site, not constructing at all is desirable over green building, regarding lessening ecological effect. The second decide is that each building ought to be as little as could be allowed. The third lead is not to help sprawl, regardless of the possibility that the most vitality productive, naturally sound techniques are utilized as a part of outline and development. Urban infill destinations are desirable over suburban "greenfield" locales
Assessment put a brief light on all of these areas, and grade them according to the influence of these areas in the building. These all gradings then added together to give overall credits to the building,
Oil and gas maintain a critical role for UAE industry and daily life for locals. However, the government has put forth major efforts to increase their renewable energy capacity. They have also focused on diversifying their economy so they aren’t reliant on exporting oil and natural gas for income. With the various complex construction projects in Dubai such as the Palm Islands or the Burj Khalifa, the tallest skyscraper in the world, engineering and real estate have become major industries in the country.
USING RELEVANT SKETCHES AND ILLUSTRATIONS, EXPLAIN HOW PEOPLE ACROSS THE CONTINENT OF THE GLOBE USE BUILDING ENVELOPE TO ACHIEVE INTERNAL COMFORT.
Heritage buildings as described by Feilden (2000) are “buildings that give us a sense of wonder and make us want to know more about people and culture that produce it”. A more elaborate definition was made by Kamal and Harun (2002) where they defined them as buildings built in the past which have high historical and architectural values and require continuous care and protection to preserve their historical, architectural, aesthetic, archaeological, spiritual, social, political and economic values. In other words, heritage buildings are expected to have an indefinite life span, signifying that they should be preserved for as long as possible. This was also pointed out by Feilden (1982) where stated that heritage buildings differ from