The Swarm Based Routing Algorithms

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BIOINSPIRED SWARM BASED ROUTING ALGORITHMS IN VANETs

Arshpreet Kaur*, Er. Navroz Kaur Kahlon**

*(Computer Engineering Department, UCOE, Punjabi University, Patiala)
** (Asst. Prof. Computer Engineering Department, Punjabi University, Patiala)
(Email: *arshrai90@gmail.com, **Kahlon.navroz3@gmail.com)

Abstract-Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) play main role in the design and development of the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) who improves the road safety and transportation productivity. VANETs include two communication types i.e. Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle-to-Roadside (V2R) communications. One of the most important challenges of this kind of network are the timely, safely and reliable dissemination of messages between vehicular nodes which permits the drivers to take appropriate decisions to improve the road safety. There are many routing protocols for VANETs which can support the reliability and safety for routing. These protocols undergo the several limitations including complexity, lack of scalability, end-to-end delay, routing overheads, etc. To remove these limitations, various bio-inspired methodologies have been proposed for routing among vehicular nodes in an optimized way. Here in this paper, various bio-inspired routing algorithms for the VANET are discussed.

1. INTRODUCTION

A Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANET) are considered as a specific type of Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) which contains the of a set of mobile nodes (Vehicles)
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