The Synoptic Problem: Analysis Of The Two-Gospel Hypothesis Essays

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Introduction Throughout history scholars and theologians have sought to determine the chronological order regarding the synoptic Gospels of the New Testament canon. They have often utilized both the internal sources, found within the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, and external evidence to critically analyze the literary and historical relations. The two-Gospel hypothesis provides an effective response regarding these literary and historical similarities with the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke through a balanced approach utilizing both internal and external resources to address the long standing debate regarding the synoptic problem. The Synoptic Problem The synoptic problem is a debate in regards to the literary relationship…show more content…
Multiple theories and hypotheses have been developed using these sources to provide possible explanations of the literary similarities. These explanations include, but are not limited to, the two-source hypothesis, four-document hypothesis, the two-Gospel hypothesis, the Farrer theory and the Augustinian hypothesis. Theoretical Overviews A commonly accepted solution is the Mark-Q theory, or most frequently known as the two-source hypothesis. The two-source hypothesis holds that Mark was the original gospel and both Matthew and Luke independently enhanced it with a lost source referred to as Q (Black and Beck, 2001). It is the first of many theories that take into account Markan priority, or the belief that the Gospel of Mark indeed came first due to it’s vivid touches, rough grammar, misleading details, and abbreviation that is not found in Matthew or Luke. In addition Markan priority accounts for the rare deviation Matthew or Luke make from Mark especially in the same way at the same time (Black and Beck, 2001). The weakest points within the two-source hypothesis include its failure to address the agreements between Matthew and Luke against Mark along with it’s incorporation of an unverified mysterious Q source (Farmer, 1981). It is followed by the Four-Document Hypothesis in which B.H. Streeter included two additional documents that Matthew and Mark

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