Essay The Synoptic Problem

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The Synoptic Problem The synoptic problem is that of considering which of the 3 synoptic gospels. Matthew, Mark and Luke was written first and perhaps which gospel was written aided via the other and/or which writer used the questionable Q source. It is believed that there is a literary connection between the gospels as there is an obvious verbal agreement that suggests some kind of interdependence between them all. It is believed that these similarities have arisen because i. All the gospel writers were inspired by the power of the holy spirit ii. They are all an account of the Jesus. Therefore as they are all about the same person there will be similarities between their…show more content…
The literary connection can be seen in the Baptism story. Mark has 5 verses, Matthew 15 and Luke 17. And also the Peter Disowns Jesus Mark has 7 verses, Matthew 7 and Luke 9. The fact that these stories are in each gospel suggests some kind of clear connection between them all. Streeter believed that the order of the gospels was Mark first then Matthew then lastly Luke. He also believed that all the gospels shared a common source which he called Q. This Markan priority theory overtook the Matheau priority in the 19th century. It was suggested that Mark portrayed Jesus to be too human. That mark showed him ‘faults and all’ and when the church was first compiled it was seen to be the case that Matthew was put first as the most important gospel with the most verses and therefore as they saw it; the most historical content. It is believed that as Mark is the priority gospel and that Matthew and Luke took Marks account and then expanded on it to write their own. It is also true that using this theory the Matthew and Luke have taken Marks gospel and tidied it up by correcting his poor Greek. It is known that mark used long narratives and in Matthew and Luke it can be seen that these have been abbreviated. Mark is also seen as the priority gospel as it appears to give an all
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