The Syrian Conflict On The Middle East

Decent Essays
The Syrian conflict began with the Arab Spring uprisings against President Bashar al-Assad in 2011 and quickly escalated into a civil war when Assad met peace with force. The Syrian Civil War has since transcended its internal objectives to become the arena for major international power struggles between countries, like Turkey, Iran, and the United States. On September 30, 2015, Russia entered the Syrian crisis on the side of Assad in opposition to the United States, who has been supporting the Sunni rebels. Russia’s economic gains through a jump in oil prices, paired with a history of American-Russian antagonism, encouraged Russia’s involvement in the war, while a history of nationalism and neo-imperialism has transformed the Syrian Civil War into a proxy war for prestige and domination in the Middle East.
Russia’s falling economy and the possibility of a spike in oil prices was a key catalyst to their participation in the Syrian crisis. Russia’s economy is intimately linked to oil as one of the world’s largest oil producers. There are estimates that Russia loses approximately $2 billion for each $1 dollar decrease in the price of oil (Bowler). With such a large dependency on oil, there is a clear economic incentive for Russia’s participation in the conflict since entering could lead to a rise in oil prices, and ultimately Russia’s economy (Holodny). Oil becomes the fuel to the fire of an animosity that has been in place for centuries between the United States and Russia.
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