The Systematic Destruction of the Native American Nations in the 1830's

1887 Words 8 Pages
In the 1830’s, the American government decided to relocate the Native American peoples to territories west of the Mississippi. The government came up with many reasons that the Native Americans had to move. Those tribes that did not move voluntarily were forcefully relocated from their ancestral lands. This forced move would later be known as The Trail of Tears.
The American government came up with many reasons that the Native American peoples needed to move west of the Mississippi. Many Easterners felt that the move would protect Native American culture.1 Many Indians tried to assimilate into the white culture in order to stay on their ancestral lands.2 But the settlers did not like the Indians mixing with white culture because
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Supreme court declared Georgia’s actions illegal and sided with the Cherokee on the basis of “domestic domestic nationhood”.8 At this point it seemed like the Cherokee would be allowed to stay on their native lands. This was about to change.
The ruling by the U.S. Supreme court was changed when Andrew Jackson became president. President Jackson went against the Supreme Court’s ruling and backed Georgia’s stance on Native American lands. President Jackson had a long history with Native Americans. He fought against the Creek Indians during the war of 1812.9 He did not believe that Native Americans were civilized enough to remain among the white settlers, even though many Cherokee tribes had assimilated into white culture.10 Although President Jackson was not the architect of the Indian relocation act, he was a long time believer in the relocation of Native Americans.11 The passing of President Jackson’s plan would not only affect the Cherokee, but at least five major tribes throughout the United States. In his first State of the Union Address in 1812, President Jackson presented his plan for Indian “removal” and encouraged Congress to legalize his plan through legislation.12 President Jackson’s stance on Indian removal was that it would not only protect them from white influence, but that the move would ultimately be beneficial to the Indians by preserving their cultures.13 In Fact, President Jackson felt that his plan for relocation was very generous to
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