The Tasks of Planning, Organising, Leading and Controlling in Management

2160 Words Jul 23rd, 2011 9 Pages
The Tasks of Planning, Organising, Leading and Controlling in Management
INTRODUCTION
Management in all business and organizational activities is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal. Resourcing encompasses the deployment and manipulation of human resources, financial resources, technological resources, and natural resources. Since organizations can be viewed as systems, management can also be defined as human action, including design, to
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Programming/Strategy: Defining the steps necessary in order to reach the objectives.
Budget: The allocation of resources required to achieve the companies objectives.
Procedure: The mehtod or manner with which the programme is to be realised through the allocation of tasks and objectives.
Using a systematic approach to planning allows a manager to ascertain the capabilities of his work force and utilize resources in order to accomplish the desired result(Allen, 1973, p.63). Planning is a crucial role of managers since it allows it to evaluate the path ahead and make arrangements to sidestep any problems which may arise. In the new global business environment of today it is most imperative that a company plans out its path before walking down it. Due to the increase in technology that has enabled a company to market overseas, the amount of competitors and hazards which await a company have increased dramatically therefore the importance of planning has become even more crucial.
ORGANISING
The structure defined in the planning stage enables managers to devise a “framework by which job tasks are divided, grouped and coordinated” (Robbins, 2001, p.351). However the concept of ‘organising; is different for every managerial level. When referring to a CEO, ‘organising’ can be seen as a wide ranging plan for the future which includes such aspects as (Robbins, 2001:p.352);
Specialisation: The more specialised the work assigned to individuals within limits, the greater
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