The Taum Sauk Upper Reservoir Failure Occurred On December
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The Taum Sauk Upper Reservoir Failure occurred on December 14, 2005, ironically on the same day the annual drill between Ameren and local emergency personnel was scheduled to be held. This failure released 1.5 billion gallons of water down Profitt Mountain and into Johnson Shut-Ins State Park. This was an emergency event that impacted one family’s home, and three vehicles traveling on Route N.
The reservoir failure is classified as a man-made event as it was caused by a failure of the over pumping protective systems which includes pressure transducers that monitor the water level within the upper reservoir and report the status of the water level to a remote monitoring center. This created a cascading series of man-made natural events in…show more content… And it involves interaction with familiar faces, tasks, procedures, and organizations. (Auf der Heide, Erik. 1989) An emergency is generally personal in nature. A disaster is “an event associated with the impact of a natural hazard, which leads to increased mortality, illness and/or injury, and destroys or disrupts livelihoods, affecting the people or an area such that they (and/or outsiders) perceive it as being exceptional and requiring external assistance for recovery” (Cannon 1994, 29, fn.2). Finally, a catastrophe can be viewed as “…any disaster that overwhelms the ability of state, local, and volunteer agencies to adequately provide victims with such life-sustaining mass care services as food, shelter, and medical assistance within the first 12 to 24 hours.” (GAO, Disaster Management, 1993, p. 3).
The Emergency Management Cycle
The four phases of the emergency management cycle are Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery. Mitigation is the process of reducing the occurrence, minimizing impact of the event, and preventing an event from occurring. Mitigation steps can happen before and after an event.
Preparedness is the ability to handle the event. This includes planning and preparations to help in response and rescue operations. Evacuation plans and stocking up on food, water, medicine, and pet supplies are examples of