The Tax Reform Act Of 1986

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More than 25 years ago, there was a major overhaul of the U.S. corporate tax system. The Tax Reform Act of 1986 reduced a corporate tax rate from 46 percent to 34 (Gross & Schadewald, 2012, p. 40). The federal budget deficit forced the government to lower the corporate tax rate. The level of corporate tax rate in the USA was lower than it was in Canada, Germany, and France. The tax rate for corporations remained unchanged until 2011. In 2011, fiscal barriers led to changes of the tax reform. Today, the reform package includes the exclusion of deductions and credits, and tax rate reduction. However, the net effect of those components may boost the tax liability of domestic companies.
The most recent economic crisis influenced the changes
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The value of study cannot be overemphasized since the federal tax reform is a driving factor of success of U.S. companies within country borders and in the global market.
Literature Review
The main objective of many companies is to minimize their tax obligations. Jeffers (2014) discussed the reason of why companies adopt tax inversion strategies. The researcher indicated that the income maximization is a major reason of companies attempting to reduce their tax liability (pp. 100-101). Tax inversion strategies provide companies an advantage to lower income tax rate. Today, U.S. corporations renounce its U.S. citizenship and move to low-tax countries. Companies that reincorporate oversees are not obligated to pay U.S. taxes on earning income (p. 99). Many countries implement tax competition strategies to attract and retain businesses. Well-known companies, such as Exxon Mobil, Hewlett Packard, Tyco, General Electric, PepsiCo, etc. take benefits of tax shelter opportunities overseas (p. 102). Other benefits of the jurisdiction abroad are flexible banking laws and simplified litigation processes.
Bull, Dowd, and Moomau (2011) analyzed the macroeconomic perspectives of corporate tax reform. The researchers indicated that it is important to consider changes in tax treatment – reduce a current rate from 35 percent to 30, and eliminate various loopholes in the
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