The Teaching Of Language Teaching

797 Words4 Pages
Everyone in the world will be a language learner as they need to communicate with others. There is no doubt that different people learn languages in different ways and thus, there are various methods and approaches in the field of language teaching and learning to meet learners’ and teachers’ needs. The humanistic language teaching, which was really popular in the 1970s, is not easy to be defined. It is difficult to explain the terms like humanistic and humanism. As Underhill (1983, p.131) said, ‘it is so emotionally loaded and so lacking in clear definition’. Instead of attempting to define it, we can find five overlapping emphases within humanism: 1) feeling, including personal emotions and esthetic appreciation; 2) social relations, which encourages friendship and cooperation; 3) responsibility; 4) intellect, including knowledge, reason and understanding; 5) self-actualization, which means the pursuit of realization of one’s own deepest true qualities(Stevick, 1990, pp. 23-24). According to Moskowitz (1978, p.11), humanistic education aims to make learners more human and fulfill human potentials. From my perspective, humanism treats learners as a whole person and takes their values, emotions and feelings into account. Different from traditional teaching methods, humanistic language teaching is learner-centred. In a humanistic class, learners take the responsibility for their own learning and the role of teacher is no longer an authority but a facilitator. Therefore, the
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