The Technique and Science behind Hammers

929 WordsJan 28, 20184 Pages
The old manufacturing process of hammers has changed along with the years but maintains a consistent approach throughout time. As discussed earlier the most common form of hammer making involved the forging process. To further explore this process we must examine all that goes into the forging process. Typically hammers that are forged are made out of a type of steel called ‘mild steel’. This is a steel variety that it easy to form yet still retains the strength and hardness qualities of that of regular steel. After the steel material has been smelted into an ingot, the proper sized chunk is chosen to form into the head of the hammer. The steel is then heated to a high enough temperature to allow its internal composition to become more malleable and shapeable. This is typically noted as when the steel is glowing red hot in color. After reaching the proper temperature, the steel chunk is then carried over to a flat metal surface known as an anvil and is pounded repeatedly by another striking device (usually another hammer). This is repeated again and again until the tail (claw) of the hammer is slowly formed. It is important for the blacksmith to not make the claw end too sharp and too rapidly because this will compromise the hammer and allow for the creation of unwanted surface stresses.(6) These stresses will result in a weaker hammer that has a higher possibility of breaking if stressed too much when in use. To combat this, the entire shape must be a gradual process.
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