The Technique of Grafting in Agriculture

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The technique of grafting dates back to the beginning of agriculture. Although it can be labor-intensive, grafting has continued to be used in fruit and nut trees because of the immense benefits. Different plants produce different qualities of fruits and nuts, and not always consistently. And, because tree fruits are nearly impossible to reproduce from cuttings, grafting has become the most popular technique for fruit tree propagation. Grafting helps to produce a superior and highly valued crop (Hartmann, Kester, Davies, & Geneve, 2011). “New markets continue to require grafted and budded plants for improved plant quality, fruit yield, superior forms, and better adaptation to greater ecological ranges” (Hartmann et al. 2011).
This paper will take a closer look at the technique of grafting, where it originated from, its developments over time, and the impact it has had on agriculture.
II. DEFINITION “Grafting can be described as the natural or deliberate fusion of plant parts so that vascular continuity is established between them and the resulting genetically composite organism functions as a single plant” (Mudge, Janick, Scofield, & Goldschmidt, 2009). In other words, it involves taking part of one tree and attaching it to part of another tree. For example, a section of a stem with leaf buds might be inserted into the stock of a tree. Many times one plant is selected for its roots, called the stock or rootstock, and the other plant is selected for
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