The Temple Of Artemis At Ephesus

1727 WordsJun 4, 20177 Pages
THE TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS AT EPHESUS Molli Layton Art History 201 Dr. James Swenson June 2, 2017 The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus is a complex building with a complex history. Located in East Greece, the building underwent many changes, as did the surrounding Greek society. This paper will discuss the history, architecture, historical context, and sculptures of the temple. An analysis of it’s evolution will also be provided. The temple was built in mid sixth century BCE. The exact date of construction is unknown. However, a date of around 525 BCE has been suggested based on the column reliefs found. They are comparable to the frieze of the Siphnian Treasury building. Sculptures have also been found that were of the style…show more content…
The new temple had the same general layout, but the columns were now higher and thicker, with enlarged bases. It became known as one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. The temple experienced further devastation in 263 AD when a group of Ostrogoths attacked it, destroying it almost completely. This time, the temple was not rebuilt. Later, some of the columns were reused in the building of a palace at Constantinople and other buildings of later centuries. Very little remains on the temple site today (fig. 2). It has been suggested by John Wood that a church may have been built after the temple was destroyed, based on dotted lines found in the natural soil, indicating support walls of a church. No other evidence exists to support this claim. What we do have, however, is many archaic fragments of sculpture and architecture obtained from the site through careful excavation. Every significant fragment that was found on the site of the temple has been transported to the British Museum. A single column still remains on the site of the temple in Ephesus, which was built in modern times for remembrance. Because of the discoveries of John Wood, information about the architecture of the Temple of Artemis has become available. It was constructed primarily of marble. The design was likely not of the typical rectangular proportions of the time in Greece, but a combination of Near-Eastern design and Classic Greek. Both the earlier and later temples had
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