If given a changes to redone my intervention the only thing I would change about it the theory I use. Instead of the Social Cognitive Theory, I would use the Social Capital Theory. SCT states that social obligation and/or relationships can have either a positive or a negative effect on our life. The Social Capital Theory have three constructs: bonding, bridging, and linking social capital. The strongest social capital is bonding, which defined as relationships that are part of our social identity. Bridging social capital is the relationship we form when meet acquaintances. The weakest and last social capital is linking which is refer as relationships we respect/trust on an authority gradient. Based on this belief many will think that everybody
Two concepts from “The Intro to Criminology” are The Social Learning Theory and The Containment Theory. These two concepts can be compared and contrasted in many ways. Though they are very different, their similarities are significant being that the two can be linked together and one can lead to another. The Social Learning Theory is a theory that states that people learn from one another by observation, imitation, and modeling. The theory has often been called a bridge between behaviorist and cognitive learning theories because it encompasses attention, memory, and motivation. The Containment Theory is a theory that states that a person is either pushed or pulled into a crime.
In the video titled Learned helplessness (PsychYogi, 2014), Martin Seligman conducted a study in which he took three groups of dogs and put them in harnesses. He gave each group a lever that would either stop a charge that electrocuted the dogs, or do nothing. Group one was the control group and did not get electrocuted. The dogs in groups two and three were the experimental groups. Group two had control over the electric shocks and could stop them with the lever. Group three also received the shocks every time group two did, except group three had no control over their own lever. Every time group two pushed their lever to stop the shocks, group three’s shocks also stopped. Group three never knew when their shocks would stop. The dogs in group two learned that the lever would stop the shocks, so the more times they were shocked, the less time it took them to push the lever. Group three was the only group to have symptoms of depression due to learned helplessness (Psychyogi, 2014).
Non-cognitive measure will be observed and noted during the use of the Reciprocal Teaching Strategy
Kaiser & Kaplan's (2013) article presented a very empty and lackluster argument in attempt to forgo people skills in the name of progress and advancement. Although this less than convincing work establishes little towards its hypothesis, some useful dialogue can be produced from such a work as learning can sometimes come through disagreement and debate. The purpose of this essay is to review this article and give a summation about its contents and arguments.
Social Cognitive Theory Ricky Smith Liberty University Many people learn by observing others. This kind of learning is the basis of the social cognitive theory. According to Schunk (2016), social cognitive theory expresses that people learn from their social environment by observing others and gaining knowledge, skills, attitudes, and beliefs (p.117). People also learn through modeling within the social cognitive learning theory. Learners are able to learn new behavior through observation of modeling.
Albert Bandura’s social cognitive theory explains psychological functioning in terms of triadic reciprocal causation. Triadic reciprocal causation is a system assuming human action as a result of an interaction with the environment, behavior, and a person. Bandura explains "person" as being a cognitive factor such as memory, anticipation, and planning. It is because of these cognitive capacities that some people can select or restructure their environment.
Social Cognition refers to how people process, store and apply information about other people and social situations The film Take the Lead portrays many aspects and concepts of studied in social cognition. Impression formation refers to the process from which we form an overall impression of someone, from either verbal (from what people say) or nonverbal (how people look and act) communication. This concept is seen when Pierre tells Principal Augustine that he did not go to the police to file a report, leading to Principal Augustine forming the impression that Pierre is incompetent based of what he tells her (verbal communication). Impression management refers to how a person aim to influence how others perceive them. Bot nonverbal communication
Many theories have been created over the years to explain why not only delinquents but other individuals as well engage in deviant behavior. Social learning theory is one of the most pronounced theories in criminology. As we all may know, there will always be some sort of inappropriate behavior that leads to crime. This theory attempts to figure out what is it that makes people commit these acts. The social learning theory is a theory I believe produces a well-explained reasoning behind why people behave the way they do. This theory states that human behavior is modeled through imitation, observation, and one’s environment.
Think back to high school and the number of different groups that there were. Now think of the way that you would classify people back then and how you classify people today. You make these judgements about people without even knowing anything about them. This is known as social cognition. It is the way your brain processes and understands intergroup and interpersonal processes and actions. Social cognition covers things such as attitudes, prejudices, identities, and other things we use to classify people. Overall people will make attributions one of two ways. The first was is by being a naïve scientist. If you are a naïve scientist, you are more likely to put thought and effort when figuring out social inferences. The use information
Social Control theory is a criminology perspective that attempts to explain the distribution of crime and delinquency among individuals, groups and societies. Control theories begin by assuming that behavioral behavior is problematic, and try to understand the forces that compel the majority of people, most of the time, to behave in a non-criminal way. The theory of self-control locates the basis of behavior according to the bonds that are formed at the beginning of life between parents or other caregivers and children. These social bonds develop toward the tendency to regulate individual behavior in terms of the negative consequences of actions. The theory of self-control has connections with theories of self-regulation and with problematic
Another example of in connection to the social cognitive theory of morality was when Molly lied to the volunteers about hitting her sister when they were in an argument. In this instance, there was not a distinct reward for hitting her sister (other than hurting her sister), but she did know that hitting her sister was wrong and would result in getting punished. She also lied about the whole event, which led me to believe she knew she would indeed get into trouble for her behavior, so she tried to hide it. Because she knew that hitting her sister was not good moral behavior, she was morally competent in this situation. However, in the moment, she did not see that hitting her sister would result in a large enough punishment to mentally stop
Annie, a fifth-grade student in Mr. Keller's class, is being quiet and sullen for the fifth day in a row. "I just can't do this writing stuff," she finally says in an appeal to Mr. Keller. "I'm not a good student. Give me P.E. or art over this stuff any day!" If we apply Albert Bandura's social cognitive theory in her comment "I just can't do this writing stuff" how does Bandura's theory help us to understand Annie? According, the Social Cognitive Theory of Albert Bandura which combines both behavioral and cognitive philosophies to form his theory of modeling, or observational learning states that human personality is an interaction between the environment and a person's psychological processes. With this interaction humans are able to
Cognitive Theory claims that behavior can be changed through changing faulty thinking, irrational thoughts, automatic thoughts, or learned cognitive misconceptions. When a client has negative images of themselves or their accomplishments, it sets the pace for their behavior, perceptions and expectations; when that thinking is exposed as faulty to the client, the client can then begin to change their behavior based upon restructured, truer images of reality. It has been shown to be effective therapy for individual, group, marital and family treatment, in treating depression, addiction, anxiety, PTSD, personality disorders, and some organic conditions such as schizophrenia, and in many social work settings, such as child welfare, private practice, mental health, crisis intervention, and health care.
The concept of personality is extensive and complex, but psychologists have tried to describe the nature of personality using different perspectives. Some of the perspectives are founded on empirical studies while others are based on clinical case studies or theories. Some common aspects of personality include psychodynamic, trait approach, cognitive, genetic, and learning approach. The cognitive approach emphasizes how our behavior is influenced by how we process, mentally represent, and store information. Psychologists who take the cognitive approach suggests that mental processes can help us understand several kinds of social and individual behaviors, from problem solving, to decision making, to intelligence and interpersonal attraction. According to Bernstein, (2011), a cognitive perspective on a person inherently describes meanings that are created by the individual, and these meanings are usually constructed out of cognitions on the environment. Personality psychologists taking a cognitive approach to a person, typically study the processes arising from behaviors and effects.