The Term Major Depressive Disorder

1033 Words Nov 1st, 2015 5 Pages
Introduction
The term major depressive disorder was created by a group of US clinicians in the mid-1970s as part of proposals for diagnostic criteria based on patterns of symptoms (Spitzer et al, 1975). MDD made its first appearance in the third edition in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM III) (Phillip, Maier & Demo, 1991). MDD is a mental disorder characterized by an impairment of functioning in one or more areas of life due to a depressed mood and loss of interest in activities combined with other symptoms for a minimum of two weeks (APA, 2013, 161).
According to the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 2000), MDD is characterized by one or more major depressive episodes minus a history of manic hypomanic, or mixed episodes. A major depressive episode is described by at least two weeks all through which there is a different onset or strong deteriorating of both depressed mood and or loss of interest in pleasurable activities. Four other indications must likewise be in existence which includes; eating problems, sleeping problems, weight loss, diminished energy; feelings of hopelessness or guilt, trouble staying focused, thinking, or making decisions, suicidal ideation which might be plans or attempts.
Just as many other mental health disorders, there is also stigma connected with major depressive disorder; anyone can suffer from depression regardless of the age or status. A majority of prominent people from around the world also…
Open Document