The Theme Of Deception In Shakespeare By William Shakespeare '

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William Shakespeare conveys the theme, deception, throughout the play to give a moral lesson and to captivate the audiences. The main theme, deception, can be seen through the structure, dramatic techniques and the use of language. Deception is the act of causing someone to accept as true or valid what is false or invalid.

Firstly, Shakespeare uses the structure, for example punctuation, enjambment, sentence length, caesura and prose, to create the main theme, deception, in the text. This can be seen in ‘When?’, ‘As I descended?’ and ‘Hark, who lies i’th’second chamber?’ The repeated use of punctuation ‘?’ makes the audiences to feel anxiety since it shows that Macbeth worries about his crime and perfection of his deceiving others. Moreover,
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The author uses connotation ‘Stars, hide your fires, let not light see my black and deep desires’ to indicate the theme, deception. The nouns ‘stars’ and ‘light’ gives the feelings of innocence and pureness. On the other hand, the adjectives ‘black’ and ‘deep’ gives the feelings of immorality and disloyalty towards the audiences. The juxtaposition of ‘stars’ and ‘light’ with ‘deep’ and ‘black’ emphasises his evil and ambitious desires which are achieved by deceiving King Duncan and other people. Additionally, ‘stars’ are far from the earth and ‘light’ is extremely fast, so we can say that Macbeth recognises the truth will spread quickly and far away. Therefore, Macbeth deceives others as he does not want that anyone perceives his wicked desires. A good example of this is ‘… masking the business from the common eye for sundry weighty reasons.’ The use of metaphor ‘masking the business’ indicates deception. ‘Masking’ means concealing or hiding from view and ‘business’ means a situation or series of events, typically a scandalous or discreditable one. So, Macbeth hides the truth from other people’s view not to be dishonourable. Continuously, ‘sundry weighty reasons’ means several heavy reasons. Thereby Macbeth does not specify the reasons to the murderers by equivocating. So, Macbeth also deceives the murderers as they do not know the true reason why Macbeth orders them to kill Banquo and his son Fleance. Moreover, Macbeth manipulates the murderers to make them to seek revenge by putting the blame on Banquo for their lowly status in life. This makes the audiences to feel despicable and cunning towards Macbeth’s scheme to kill Banquo. In addition, this is clearly shown in ‘black Macbeth will seem as pure as snow.’ The colour ‘black’ signifies death and evilness. The noun ‘snow’ suggests the colour white. The effect of colour
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