The Theme Of Dreams In Lorraine Hansberry's Raisin In The Sun

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‘Raisin in the Sun’ by Lorraine Hansberry has demonstrated its efficacy in illustrating the plight of African Americans living in the 1950s through the roles of characters illustrated in the play. The play is about the life of an African American family known as the Youngers, who live in Chicago. The family's anticipation and receiving of a $10,000 check makes each of the family members to develop dreams and goals associated with how each one of them would utilize their father's insurance money. Lorraine enhances the theme of dreams and ambition when she shows that the character Mama, also the wife of the deceased, aim to purchase a house and accomplish the goal she and her spouse cherished. Walter, the son of Mama, is demonstrated as relishing the idea of buying a liquor store. He foresees investment as the only method that can be effective in securing their family's future, financially (Hansberry). Beneatha, Mama’s daughter has a dream of being a doctor, being that she is the most educated out of the family. The aspect of having a dream is reiterated by Willis, LaFayette and Jackson in Dr. King’s “The Other America” (12) when the late Martin Luther King posits, “We shall overcome.”
In mind that in as much as these characters have dreams, their dreams have been delayed due to societal challenges associated with racism which tends to have a negative impact on the African American personages (Huggins 290). In fact, Lorraine notes that Mama’s dream of owning a house had been delayed for more than thirty years. Also, her late husband Big Walter shows the association between African Americans’ derailment and linkage to dreams when he said, “like God did not see fit to give the black man nothing but dreams” (Hansberry). Societal challenges in the 1950s could range from political, social, and economic. A political challenge during this time was voting. White people had deliberately created a system that they knew would keep black people from voting. Part of that system included poll taxes which they knew African Americans could not afford to pay.
A social disadvantage example is the establishment of Jim Crow Laws, which were created to encourage segregation. And because of segregation, that resulted in separate
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