The Theoretical Approaches Of Ethics And Values

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People often wonder what they would do if they found money lying on the ground. One might argue that a good person will do the right thing by handing the money over to the police. On the other hand, others say that the person should keep the money. Although this scenario is, of course, much more complex, it is a prime example of an ethical dilemma. However, there is no ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ solution to this dilemma because it depends on the person’s ethics and values. The purpose of this essay is to critically analyse the theoretical approaches of ethics and values which relate to community and youth work practice. Firstly, the essay will briefly discuss the idea of community and youth work as a profession and explain the difference between ethics and values. Following this, the essay will outline the Kantian approach to morality and examine the critique of consequential ethics and virtue ethics. Finally, the trainee youth worker will critically analyse a number of ethical dilemmas he/she encountered while working with young people, colleagues and other agencies in projects and activities. Paulo suggest that the role of a community and youth worker is to facilitate young people’s personal, social and educational development and work in ways that are “educative, participative, empowering and promote equlity” (cited in Sapin, 2009 p12). Ethics can be defined as “a moral code that guides the conduct of a professional group” (Jary and Jary, 2000, p190). Whereas, values are

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