The Theoretical Approaches Of Sociology View Crime And Deviance

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17. Discuss the major differences in how the three theoretical approaches of Sociology view crime and deviance. Give examples of specific theories. The functionalist view in relation to deviance is a belief that anyone can be convicted of a crime. Everyone is treated equal in the eyes of law. For example, a celebrity and a homeless man could both be convicted for the same crime. Both would be tried the same, with equal consequences. The Social conflict view is a view in which the elites make the laws. An example of the Social conflict view would be a Rich man making a law to benefit only the upper class. Symbolic Interactionism is when moral entrepreneurs push for certain laws. Symbolic Interactionism uses the labeling theory. An example of Symbolic interaction in deviance would be a past criminal being labeled as more dangerous than a first time criminal who simply made a mistake. 18. What is the typical experience of an alleged drug offender in the U.S. court system (The New Jim Crow)? How do financial incentives encourage the police to make drug-law enforcement a top priority? Michelle Alexander, author of “The New Jim Crow”, states, “Harsh mandatory minimum for drug offenders have been consistently upheld by the U.S Supreme Court” (18). A typical experience according to Alexander consists of harsh consequences, a lengthy term, and a high statistical chance of returning to prison. Police receive a bonus for every drug bust made. Of course other cases such as a murder
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