The Theories And Theories Of Criminology

1772 Words Dec 4th, 2014 8 Pages
Introduction
Criminology has emerged as a science in the recent years, and various theories and perspectives have been developed by the social scientists and criminologists in this regard. With the development of sociology as a new subject of study and defining the sociology by the August Comte in 1822, the way was paved for the development of criminology, as the new branch of study. This Branch deals with the study of crime and it gradually developed as academic discipline in Britain in 1950s. Cesare Lombroso became the founder of criminology which also founded the positivist movement in the criminology, thus giving this field a more scientific and modern approach (Anon., 2014). The main features of the positivist approach include the research and understanding which further developed the idea of empirical research into the crime. Criminology that later on lead to the development of many theories that are associated with the positivist approach to the criminology. Thus, the scientific research into the crime and criminals lead to the scientific theories like biological theory which is based on the idea of “born criminal” and was proposed by the Cesare Lombroso, theory of psychological deficits, neo-biological positivist theory and theory of the impact of social factors on the crime (Anon, 2014).
This essay would discuss the positivist theory of the crime and the related positivist theories and their relation to the causes of crime, image of the criminal and the victim and…
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