The Theories Of Behaviorist Theory

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Behavioral Behaviorist theory was developed by John Watson in the early 1900s. This theory was considered very radical at the time if its inception, as the field of psychology was focused on the study of the mind and consciousness (“Behaviorism Theory Overview,” n.d.). Watson based much of his theory on Pavlov’s classical conditioning, and as a result believed that nurture was the cause of human differences (“John B. Watson,” n.d.). The experiment that Watson used to apply Pavlov’ classical conditioning theory to humans was the “Little Albert” experiment. In this experiment Watson began working with a nine month old infant, observing his responses to various stimuli (McLeod, 2014). The baby was introduced to many stimuli, including a white rat. “Albert” did not show any fear or negative responses to the stimuli, and in fact responded very positively to the rat (McLeod, 2014). To demonstrate that a response could be conditioned in humans much like in Pavlov’s dogs, Watson introduced the rat again, but this time banged a hammer into a steal bar when “Albert” reached to touch the rat (McLeod, 2014). This sudden loud noise frightened “Albert” causing him to react negatively. Watson continued this weekly for seven weeks, and by the end “Albert” would cry at just the sight of the rat or any white furry objects (McLeod, 2014). This proved to Watson that behavior is a response to “nurture.” Today, behaviorist theory is viewed as an incomplete theory. This is not because
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