The Theories Of Cognitive Development

1936 Words8 Pages
In psychology, cognitive development is the process that allows people to know, understand and think about the world (Feldman, 2012). It studies how children process and gain information at a particular age and how learning mechanisms change and evolve over time. There are many theories among parents, teacher and physicians of how children grow and develop. Piaget, Erikson, Skinner and Vygotsky are all developmental theorists who studied child development. Theorists have their own ideas of cognitive development. However, some build off the others theories. The four different developmental theorists bring important ideas to the development of children. Some important ideas are the aspects of family and society. Other important ideas include culture, psychosocial and physical influences. This paper focuses on the theorist Piaget, Erikson, Skinner and Vygotsky and who brought what ideas to the psychology of cognitive development in children. Have you ever wondered why a child acts the way they do? Any reason you give would be a theory. A theory is an idea or set of ideas, which aims to explain facts or events. A theory gives reason for observations and from the idea of reason, gives possible hypotheses, which can be tested to support or challenge the theory. Piaget, Erikson, Skinner and Vygotsky are all theorist of child development. Each one has their own idea to explain the cognitive growth of children. In this paper, I will analyze the approaches
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