The Theories Of Motivation, The Managerial Skills, And Job Design

951 Words Aug 7th, 2015 4 Pages
Motivation can be defined in numerous ways. Is it a person’s internal drive, or an applied external force that compels people to strive towards a particular goal or achievement? According to Bateman & Snell (2015), “motivation refers to forces that energize, direct, and sustain a person’s efforts” (p.440). This paper is going to explore the theories of motivation, the managerial skills, and job design needed to motivate employees to increase their performance, and a few successful organizations that are specifically designed to motivate their employees.
Goal Setting
In order for a person to be motivated they must have a specific goal they want to achieve. The goal could be very simple, as achieving a good grade on a test or more complex as becoming the President of the United States. However, short term, long term, simple or complex the goal may be, the goal must be set. “Goal-setting theory, a motivation theory stating that people have conscious goals that energize them and direct their thoughts and behaviors toward a particular end” (Bateman & Snell, 2015, p. 441). A competent manager will establish or assist an employee in setting reasonably achievable goals, which will further motivate and empower the employee. When themanager sets the goal, they must be confident the employee also sees the vision. According to Lazenby (2008), “even in jobs that involve fairly routine and repetitive tasks, performance will be higher if the employee is first given specific goals…

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