The Theories Of Piaget And Vygotsky

933 WordsApr 28, 20174 Pages
Compare and Contrast Using APA Style Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are two renowned psychologists in the field of developmental psychology. The purpose of this paper is to summarize, to discuss the similarities, to discuss the differences, and to discuss what can be gained from a better understanding of the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky. A Brief Summary of the Theories of Piaget and Vygotsky The following sections explain the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky. Piaget’s Theory Piaget’s theory states that individuals learn from within a person (Lourenco, 2012). Vygotsky’s Theory Vygotsky’s theory states that individuals learn from social interactions (Lourenco, 2012). Similarities in the Theories of Piaget and Vygotsky There are many…show more content…
Vygotsky’s theory is based on gaining knowledge from social interactions, and the action derives from an external source. Piaget also believes that divinity comes from within a person, and Vygotsky believes that divinity is external (Lourenco, 2012). The following sections will discuss the differences between the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky. Origin of Knowledge and Motor of Development Their views of the origin of knowledge and motor of development differ. Piaget believes that the origin and development came from within oneself. This belief states that the action upon the object is the origin. Vygotsky believes that the origin of the action occurs socially, and then, it occurs individually (Lourenco, 2012). Piaget’s view of motor development is that it occurs naturally. Vygotsky’s view of motor development is social and cultural, and the interactions between others help develop the thought process (Lourenco, 2012). Social Relationship Another difference in the theorists’ views is on social relationship. Piaget’s view on social relationship to learning is based on an equal relationship and mutual respect. If the relationship is unequal between peers, Piaget believes that it could lead to conformity. Vygotsky’s view is that learning is not developed by a relationship between two equal peers, but it is a relationship between a subordinate and an authoritative figure
Open Document