The Theories Of Power Within A State Essay

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Emphasised are the various theories of power within a state. Originating from his book Power: A Radical View by political theorist, Steven Lukes, who highlighted the existence of three dimensions of power; Pluralism, Elitism, and Marxism. Elitism focuses on how power is concentrated, Pluralism focuses on how power is distributed while Marxism focuses on class conflict and economic power (Barry, 2016). The purpose of this essay is to establish the variations between these dimensions but also identify key similarities in order to understand the reason each exists and why one is a threat to the other. This essay, in a less rigorous manner, aims to investigate an alternative theory, which can be suggested to states that don’t want to adopt either of these concepts. The idea of the existence of a ruling elite is very prevalent within today’s society. This idea alludes to the theory of elitism, the concept that there is a small class of decision makers that monopolise power (Barry, 2016), having being drawn from wealth, the military, the corporate sector, and the political office. The term oligarchy or the iron law of oligarchy, one associated with elitism and developed by Robert Michels, can be used to describe difference states that adopt a power structure in which effectively rests with a small number of people (Oligarchy, 2016). Similarly, elitism also has its sub divisions and those who follow the separations; elitist theorists include C. Wright Mills, Elmer Eric
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