The Theories Of Psychology And Psychology

1844 Words Aug 23rd, 2014 8 Pages
Psychology is the study of the human mind, it is very complex and it is the source of all thoughts and behaviors. Psychologists study the cognitive, emotional, and social processes by observing, interpreting, and recording how individuals relate to one another and their environments. They take human behavior as data for testing their theories about how the mind works and use human behavior as a clue to the workings of the mind. Everything a person does, think, feel and say is determined by the functioning of the mind. There are three forces of psychology, which are behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and humanism, and there are six schools of thoughts in psychology and each has its unique and specific approach and represents the major theories in psychology.
Functionalism is generally thought to be the first school of thought, psychological functionalism attempts to describe thoughts and what they do without asking how they do it. Gestalt psychology is another school of thought in psychology that is based upon the idea that we experience things as unified wholes. This approach to psychology was a response to the approach of structuralism. Instead of breaking down thoughts and behavior to their smallest elements, gestalt psychologists believed that the entire experiences must be looked into. According to the gestalt thinkers, the whole is greater than the entirety of its parts. Behaviorism became the dominant school of though in the 1950. Prominent thinkers include John Watson and…
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