The Theories Of The Scientific Management Theory

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Management, as defined by Richard Wilson, is the body of thought that seeks to explain and improve the administrative control of businesses and their employees (2016). In this paper we will discuss some of the more popular management theories including the Scientific Management Theory by Frederick W. Taylor, Administrative Management Theory by Henri Fayol, Bureaucratic Management Theory by Max Weber, The Hawthorne Studies & Human Relations Management Theory by Elton Mayo, the Management Science Theory, and the Organization Environment Theory of Open-Systems developed by Daniel Katz, Robert Kahn, and James Thompson.
Scientific Management Theory
Considered the father of management thought, Frederick Taylor was one of the earliest theorists credited with developing and defining the theory of scientific management in the late 1800’s. His theories were designed to improve the efficiency of a factory system and worker-manager relations and to prevent soldiering, which was the tendency of workers to only complete enough work to avoid being penalized or reprimanded (Biscontini, 2015). Taylor’s theory stressed the importance of strict time-and-motion studies of the industrial process. With the development of the assembly line, such time-and-motion studies seemed appropriate for breaking large industrial processes down into their smallest components and then training workers to perform only one small part of the manufacturing process (Wilson, 2016).
Administrative Management Theory
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