The Theories of International Relations

2314 WordsDec 26, 200610 Pages
INTRODUCTION The theories of international relations are the end results of good international relations and system in the world today, most of this theories are not well implemented in most countries which has resulted on conflicts among nations, political instabilities, secessions and all other political unrest. This essay will shed more light on the phases of international relations from the individual stage to the international stage. Firstly, this essay will explain what the theories of international relations are and then proceeds to give you the overview of what theoretical perspective provides the best account in international relations Liberalism idealism Liberalism is a society which is characterized by freedom of thought…show more content…
"…the security of one is the concern of all…" and this is where collective responsibility comes in, in which aggression by one state would be countered by collective action by the other state, embodied in a league of nations. The League of Nations illustrated the importance the theory have placed on international institutions to deal with war and the chance for collective problem solving in a many-sided forum (Mingst,2004:63). Where we could see the weakness of this theory was when the Liberals is seen to have failed to make the world safe for democracy' as President Woodrow Wilson, who authored the covenant of the League of Nations, claimed it could during WW1, even when its doctrine were institutionalized into international organizations like the League of Nations and later the United Nations. Mingst also added that the League of Nations proved incompetent of maintaining collective security and many questions of the basic goodness of humanity came up, leaving liberalism under intense scrutiny. These questions made liberalism as a theoretical perspective fall out of favour. Realism This theory believes people to be sinful and wicked by nature and man's aggressive power seeking and lustful nature has implications on the state. Individual in states are organised to act in a unitary way in pursuit of its own national interest in terms of power (Mingst, 2004:65). Mingst also wrote that the
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