Essay on The Theories of Jean Piaget

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The Theories of Jean Piaget

This essay is about Jean Piaget's theory. Piaget's theory has two main strands: first, an account of the mechanisms by which cognitive development takes place; and second, an account of the four main stages of cognitive development through which children pass.

Piaget suggested that there are four main stages in the cognitive development of children. In the first two years, children pass through a sensory-motor stage during which they progress from cognitive structures dominated by instinctual drives and undifferentiated emotions to more organized systems of concrete concepts, differentiated emotions, and their first external affective fixations. At this stage,
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The two tendencies are organization, and adaption. Organization as Piaget saw it said that humans are designed to organize their observations and experiences into logical sets of meanings. This organization of observation makes the thinking process more resourceful. If a person can put the things they observe in some sort of order the easier it is to remember and apply their observations. If we did not organize our observations and experiences we would have little bits of information floating around in our brains with no connection between them. Adaption is according to Piaget's theory is the tendency to adjust to the environment. Adaption is a process by which we create matches between our original observations and new ones that might not exactly fit together. Our original observations and conceptions are called our schemas. To adapt to new observations and experiences into our schemas we use one of two techniques. We can take in that information by putting it together with old schemas or conceptions. If the observations don't fit nicely into our existing schemas we use the second of the adaption techniques.

Piaget never said that our schemas had to be right or wrong. Our schemas are based on our own observations and experiences. We adapt to things because we are driven by the urge to have things "fit together" or to be in what Piaget calls equilibrium. As we use our adaption