The Theory And Maslow 's Need Hierarchy Theory

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Step 2 This section of my paper will relate the Glass Ceiling concept to two theories – the Equity Theory and Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory. The Equity Theory The Equity Theory can be defined as “a model of motivation that explains how people strive for fairness and justice in social exchanges or give-and-take relationships” (Kinicki & Fugate, 2016, p. 156). In an article written by Al-Zawahreh & Al-Madi (2012), a noteworthy factor about the Equity Theory is that, “The fairness of exchange between employees and employer is not usually perceived by the employees as simply as an economic matter, an element of relative justice is involved” (2012, p. 158). In other words, the topic of equality is bigger than just compensation. The…show more content…
1061). As a reference, I have included an image of Maslow’s Hierarchy below (Simply Psychology, n.d.). Step 3 Some argue that the concept of Glass Ceilings is one of opinion because perceptions may vary from person to person; therefore, the evidence of a Glass Ceiling lies in the hard data of women in key leadership roles. Unfortunately, when someone believes that a Glass Ceiling exists this can lead to counterproductive behaviors. Examples of such behaviors may include decreased desire for promotion and advancement (Smith, Caputi, P, & Crittenden, 2012, p. 3) and decreased job satisfaction. Job satisfaction “refers to an individual’s emotional orientation towards his or her work” (Huang, You, & Tsai, 2012, p. 515). Once such satisfaction begins to diminish, employees often become detached from their roles and responsibilities which ultimately negatively impacts an organization. Therefore, it is important for organizations and members of management to be proactive in identifying and counteracting these behaviors. In doing so the entity’s employee retention, organizational culture, and productivity should all be affected for the better. Possible Solution: Mentoring Program In working to counteract the effects of a Glass Ceiling, organizations may implement a mentoring program, which carries advantages
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