The Theory And Research Behind Pain Perception Being More Than A Direct Result Of Tissue Damage

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Pain perception is the sensation that an individual experiences in response to a stimuli that surpasses their pain threshold. How someone perceives or interprets a stimulus is a phenomenon that they determine within themselves. This essay will discuss and evaluate the theory and research behind pain perception being more than a direct result of tissue damage. This essay will also discuss tissue damage and the psychological factors that make themselves evident in relation to pain perception. Many studies have been undertaken in order to determine the psychosomatic links in pain stimuli and perceived pain. It is suggested that the perception of pain can occur without the presence of an external stimulus resulting in tissue damage. Many arguments have been raised due to the capacity of which an individual subjectively recognises and responds to a painful stimulus and how this may vary across a population (Luyten, 2013). There has also been a large amount of research into phantom pain for individuals who have suffered an amputation and referred pain regarding trauma to the back causing pain in other areas of the body (Briggs, 2010). It is suggested that the pain tolerance of one individual may vary greatly from another due to the presence of various psychological factors (Bushnell, 2013). It is likely that psychological elements play a large role in how different individuals experience the sensation of pain. The specificity theory of pain suggests that there are

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