The Theory And Resource Dependency Theory

979 WordsApr 7, 20164 Pages
Although there are more than two organizational theories that can explain why police agencies may have a legitimacy justification for “militarizing”, in this paper, only institutional theory and resource dependency theory are discussed. The word militarizing stem from the concept of militarization, which is related to militarism. Kraska (2007) defines militarism, in its most basic sense, as an ideology focused on the best means to solve problems. He further adds that militarism is a set of beliefs, values, and assumptions that stress the use of force and threat of violence as the most appropriate and efficacious means to solve problems (p. 503). On the other hand, militarization is the implementation of the ideology, militarism, or simply, the process whereby civilian police increasingly draw from, and pattern themselves around, the tenets of militarism and the military model (Kraska, 2007). In other words, the adaptation of the military model by civilian police. Specifically, militarization of police includes the use of military equipment and tactics including assault riffles, flash-bang grenades, Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) teams, and a more aggressive style of law enforcement (Kraska, 2007). For the purpose of this paper, legitimacy is the extent to which police agency look and act like a police agency should act (Crank & Langworthy, 1992; Phillips & Gayadeen, 2014 ). Additionally, legitimacy is the degree of cultural support for an organization (Phillips &
Open Document