The Theory, Ego Psychology, And Attachment Theory

1483 WordsJan 24, 20166 Pages
Drive Theory, Ego Psychology, Object Relations, Self Psychology, and Attachment Theory are different vistas from which we can observe and study human development. I have decided to explain mine from the perspective of Attachment Theory, whose main contributors include John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth, and Mary Main. However, before doing so, it would be useful to outline a bony framework and define certain key concepts of Attachment Theory, which focuses on the relationships and bonds between people--particularly long-term ones such as child-parent and husband-wife. Bowlby believed that the needs for attachments are built into our biology, and because humans experience the longest period of immaturity of all animal species, we might infer that they are not hardwired to have inflexible personalities, nor can they survive independently of parents. Humans are gregarious creatures who cannot exist in vacuums, and their early ineptitude and dependence apparently make them mutually dependent beings. Attachment also affords a type of reciprocity between parent and child, because both benefit from their relationship to each other. The child benefits by receiving affective care form the parent and the parent benefits by experiencing a sense of value for caring for the child. If a child has a secure attachment pattern, it will more readily accept the caregiver’s advice and instructions since he or she trust the caregiver. Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with
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