The Theory Of Attachment Theory Essay

1847 WordsOct 16, 20168 Pages
The concept of attachment was first introduced by John Bowlby (1969), who emphasizes the importance of mother-child relationship when he was studying children who had been separated from their mothers. Attachment is the close, enduring emotional bond to parents or other caregivers, and it is necessary for normal social and emotional development. Mary Ainsworth expanded Bowlby’s attachment theory by devising the “Strange Situation” method to observe children’ behavior during episodes of repeated separation and reunion with their caregivers, and categorized into three distinct patterns of attachment: secure, avoidant, and resistant. A fourth attachment style, known as disorganized, was later proposed by Main and Solomon (1990). Despite the growing literature on attachment theory, a great number of questions about attachment theory remain unanswered. Ethical issues, limitations, and questions of early attachment studies, as well as future directions in attachment theory research, are discussed. How to study attachment? Harry Harlow (1958) provided us an answer by using rhesus monkeys. “Three years’ experimentation before we started our studies on affection gave us experience with the neonatal monkey. We had separated more than 60 of these animals from their mothers 6 to 12 hours after birth and suckled them on tiny bottles”. In his experiments, Harlow separated a number of hour-old infant monkeys from their mothers and then arranged these newborn monkeys to be “raised” by two

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