The Theory Of Classical Conditioning

1222 Words5 Pages
Famous theorists in psychology have determined that an individual’s actions and their personality are affected by the people around them and the environment. Each and every scientist made their name by discovering each one. One of the scientists found that the personality of each individual learned at infant stage would reflect them in adulthood. This is by Harry Harlow and his monkey experiment. Their attitude and behavior grows into what they have experienced. Although Harlow has found this theory, Ivan Pavlov experimented with dogs and discovered classical conditioning. Classical conditioning can show how attitudes are formed and changed, how and when attitudes influence behavior, and how we change attitudes and behavior.
Classical conditioning is basically learning through association, which induces involuntary or automatic responses to certain stimuli. A famous example is Pavlov’s dogs, before conditioning the dogs would salivate (UCR) when meat powder (UCS) was placed in their mouths, and did not respond to the ringing of the bell (neutral). Then, Pavlov would ring a bell every time before placing meat powder in the dogs mouth, and soon the dogs began to associate the ringing of the bell to being given the meat powder. And as a result, they would salivate (CR) as soon as the bell was rung (CS). Pavlov was able to gain an automatic response to a stimulus that was previously neutral. The term attitude is used by social psychologists to refer to people’s evaluation of
Get Access