The Theory Of Cognitive And Emotional Empathy

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Within the reviewed article, Blair (2013) explains, in depth, the two leading cognitive problems seen in youths with psychopathic traits. The two main issues being: the inability to have empathetic feelings for another and the inability to make certain decision throughout life. The author expands with empathy by distinguishing the difference between cognitive and emotional empathy. He goes further to analyze emotional empathy because the damage is seen here, as opposed to cognitive empathy. The driving factor with psychopathic diagnoses is a lack of emotion. This is also found in that of decision making and learning, which the author takes time to break down and decipher the implications from types of decisions made. Associated brain regions and pathways are explained within the article with each issue analyzed. Nature and nurture can both be contributing factors to these traits forming in youths; therefore the author explores how each can play a role. Lastly, current treatments for patients are discussed, as well as future directions that may be taken for possible cures. The author gives a comparison between cognitive and emotional empathy is drawn to show that the issues are found in the emotional aspect, instead of the cognitive side. The author explains that results from a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) showed that regions of the brain linked to cognitive thinking and emotion seemed to be relatively equivalent to that of a healthy individual. This study
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