The Theory Of Cognitive Development

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Many philosophers have developed theories of how individuals learn over the decades. As an individual progresses through life from childhood to adulthood, the manner in which they take in knowledge, and mature is the basic theory of cognitive development. Cognitive development can be described as how an individual’s thought process develops, and how these thought processes impact how an individual comprehends and interacts in the world. The psychology theorists of the past have shaped the classrooms of the present. There are many theorists that have influenced the teaching styles of today and a theorist that has significantly impacted today’s style of teaching is Lev Vygotsky (1896 – 1934). Vygotsky, a Russian psychologist and philosopher developed the Sociocultural Theory in the 1920s. He believed that children’s mental, language and social development is supported and enhanced through social interaction. Vygotsky believed that beginning at birth, children seek out adults for social interactions and that development occurs through these interactions. He stressed the idea the children learn through what he called guided participation. His theory was that children develop through interactions with parents, teachers, and other knowledgeable members of the culture.

The Sociocultural theory consists of several principles, two of which are the development of language and the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). The development of language is considered to be a major element of
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