The Theory Of Crime And Deviance

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Human nature is very peculiar and different based on a multitude of reasons ranging from the atmosphere in which they are raised in or even psychological troubles that can affect their day to day living. A child raised with an abrupt childhood and a child raised in a well-educated family are both likely to become future incarcerated individuals due to deviant behavior. Genetics has no role in determining criminality however social interaction with the world and individuals can be a leading factor in a person’s criminogenic nature. Crime within the world is indeed prevalent everywhere and is just as common as it was in the Victorian or Egyptian era. However, to prevent the expansion of a broad and wide topic, this essay will stay microscopic and study the comprehension of Edwin Sutherlands “Differential Association theory” and Gresham Sykes and David Matza’s “Techniques of Neutralization”. Various sources and scholarly written articles alongside Barry Cartwright’s text-reader “Sociological Approach to Crime and Deviance” will be used to support the key responses to specified questions on the main topic. Edwin Sutherland’s “Differential Association theory” is a historical landmark in criminology. The theory became a vital part in integrating the perspectives of sociology in the study of criminology. The theory of Differential Association created a universal theoretical framework for research and a criteria for evaluating findings. As Akers discussed in his text-reader,
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