The Theory Of Human Actions, Decisions, Behavior, And External Elements

875 WordsNov 8, 20154 Pages
Early sociologists, instrumental in the development of sociology’s three foundational theories, --George Herbert Meade, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim, and Karl Marx-- established the framework of symbolic interactionism, functionalism, and conflict theory. Each played key roles in establishing the levels and focuses on analysis that are used in applying the three theoretical perspectives to the study of human actions, decisions, behavior, and other external elements, which can be explained not only by analyzing the individual scenario, but also by analyzing the context in which that individual is placed. Although all three theories are interconnected and important in sociology, the theory that is most useful in studying society today is conflict theory. Symbolic interactionism, or the symbolic interaction perspective, can be traced to Max Weber 's assertion that individuals act according to their interpretation of the meaning of their world, however, George Herbert Mead introduced this perspective to American sociology. This perspective relies on the symbolic meaning that people develop and rely upon in the process of social interaction and analyzes society by addressing the subjective meanings that people impose on objects, events, and behaviors. An example of this perspective is people who smoke cigarettes even though all objective medical evidence warns them of the danger of doing so. Studies have found that teenagers are well informed about the risks of tobacco use,
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