The Theory Of International Relations

1535 Words7 Pages
When studying International Relations, there are various theories involved, three of these theories being: realism, liberalism, and constructivism. A theory is fundamentally ideas and complex concepts that have their own way of understanding something. These theories are used in evaluating world politics, by coming up with a unique way of identifying and explaining the events that occur around the world (Mingst 5). The theories help explain different perspectives on how the world system functions; as the political scientist, Stephen Walt explains,
“No single approach can capture all the complexity of contemporary world politics. Therefore we are better off with a diverse array of competing ideas rather than a single theoretical orthodoxy. Competition between theories helps reveal their strengths and weaknesses and spurs subsequent refinements, while revealing flaws in conventional wisdom” (Mingst 6). Realism focuses on the idea that each state bases its policies off of the interpretation that it’s national interest is defined in terms of power (Mingst 6). Realists believe that because the international system is anarchic, which means that there is no authoritative hierarchy, it leads to a “self-help system” in the states, where each state has to fend for, and support itself. Since states under the realist theory must rely on themselves for their own security, they can often be seen as selfish, fearful and power seeking. Realists believe that in this system, states
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